The Reef Trigger Fish


You could call it the Reef Triggerfish, Vi-line Humu Humu, Rectangular Triggerfish, or the Wedge-tail Triggerfish. All these names represent the Reef Triggerfish which can be found across the high seas and is popular among the diving community and aquarium enthusiasts alike.

This fish is very popular in the state of Hawaii. The fish inherits its Humu Humu Hawaiian name due to the fact that it has a pig-like snout which is often used to root around the coral reefs.

In the wild, the Triggerfish is most frequent along the outer edges of coral reefs found in the Red Sea, Central, and Western Pacific.

The general appearance of Triggerfish

The fish has a tan body which is also characterized by dark bands. It has blue lips, blue/black strips which cross the eyes and a black wedge which is situated at the base of the caudal fin. This area is outlined in brown and yellow colors respectively.

It should also be noted that this fish is very maneuverable, and changes directions very fast. Catching it nearly seems impossible if you’re not aware of these tricks.

Equipped with a large spine in the front, it can make use of that feature to lock itself between rocks and coral where it can sleep safely from predators. What is more, this fish has been known to sleep on its sides too.

Triggerfish when in captivity

First of all, this fish is fairly easy to keep. But you should only know that it’s not a community fish – that is, it can’t exist in harmony with other fish due to the fact that it’s a territorial species.

Unlike the Clown Trigger, the Reef Triggerfish is less aggressive and is the best choice for anyone wanting to keep fish of this species.

The aquarium should contain up to 140 gallons of water, but no less than 75 gallons. What is more, the keeper should allow plenty of areas to hide and also swim freely in the water.


In the wild seas, this fish feeds on wild algae and invertebrates. But when in captivity, it can also feed on regular fish food which consists of live, frozen, or flaked foods. This may include shrimps, squid, sea urchins, small pieces of fish, small fish, starfish, and anything in between.

To make sure that they are getting enough nutrients from food, the keeper should also supplement their diet with algae, spirulina, and dried seaweed. However, it should be noted that they can be aggressive during feeding time. They can bite fingers when care is not exercised. They will even end up disturbing items inside the aquarium.


Reef Triggerfish lay eggs like most fishes. However, they are never bred in captivity. Keep this in mind.

Other things to note

Only one fish may be kept per aquarium, although it is still being experimented whether this fish can co-exist with similar species like the Redtoothed Triggerfish. It is also thought that this fish might exist with large basses, large surgeon fish, groupers, aggressive eels, puffers, and lion fish. But they cannot certainly co-exist with invertebrates.


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Tropical Reef Fish

Once you have been able to successfully start and maintain a saltwater aquarium, you may want to try your hand at adding some coral reef and turning your plain old saltwater aquarium into a reef aquarium, complete with tropical reef fish. Once you have set up a reef tank you will want to start selecting tropical reef fish.

s aren’t fish but a wise addition they are indeed. Not only are they cool to look at and watch but they help to keep the coral and the water clean. Kind of like natural janitors for you valuable corals.

When you are searching for hermit crabs, make sure that you do your research and find out if it is compatible with your tropical reef and tropical reef fish.

Here are a few different kinds that are common and well suited to tropical reef aquariums. They are the halloween hermit, the dwarf red tip hermit, and the electric orange hermit crab. Check em out.

Lawnmower Blenny A Nice Addition

There is nothing the Lawnmower Blenny likes better then to eat the string and hair algae growing in your aquarium.

Enjoy Your Golden Tonga Blenny

The Golden Tonga Blenny is a fish that grazes on the bottom of your tank and is loved the world over for his brilliant golden scales.

While they enjoy dining on Spirulina and marine algae, you will want to feed your Golden Tonga Blenny dry seaweed and live microalgae, for they do very well with these.

Beautiful Blue Red Sea Mimic Blenny

A Red Sea Mimic Blenny is a tropical reef fish that would suit any reef aquarium. The Red Sea Mimic Blenny is a lovely herbivore, which is 4.2 inches long, and adds a brilliant splash of color to an other wise dull world.

The Red Sea mimic Blenny gets his name from the location from which he originates and is not red as you might believe by the name. He is brilliant electric blue with dull yellow stripes running down his back.

The Red Sea Mimic Blenny looks like he has a happy expression at all times and is cute to look at. He requires at least a 30-gallon tank to survive in.

Powder Blue Tang

This saltwater tropical fish will be sure to entertain you! If you are not sure of which fish I am writing about think of “Dory” from the Disney movie “Finding Nemo.” They do best in a larger tank. They like reef systems with passages that provide them with a sense of security. Unless your tank is really large, you should only have one Blue Tang. They are also known to quarrel with the Brown Tangs. If you want to have these two types of Tang in your aquarium be sure to have a lot of space and reef with passages.


You can’t think about a saltwater tank and not envision a Clownfish (Nemo). Clownfish have alternating bands of orange and white. Some varieties will have black lines as well. This is a great fish for saltwater tanks with reef systems. This peaceful fish will spend most of it’s time at home in its anemone. If you plan to have more than one Clownfish it is best to add them in pairs and have at least one anemone for each pair you place in the tank. You should only consider more than one

scuba diving responsibly

Be the Best SCUBA Diver

Scuba diving must be one of the best, if not the best, open air water sport experience, especially with regards to increasing reality. It is truly like discovering a radical new planet that one might not have even known existed, unless you have scuba dived or snorkeled some time recently. Each dive becomes an alternate experience as one witness the diversity and lavishness of the submerged world, from the distinctive types of fish, cetaceans, and crustaceans as it gets deeper, the antiquities and little fortune one finds from submerged boats, the small microorganisms and corals that makes awareness of how important this undersea world is to each person.

So how does one get the best scuba diving experience? Simple, simply remember three important things, know the fundamentals, get the right trek, and have a fabulous time. Knowing the nuts and bolts of scuba diving is exceptionally crucial in having the best scuba diving experience, as it will decide your well being submerged. Let’s face honest’s; not going to be the best experience on the off chance that it’s disrupted by not knowing how to handle emergency circumstances, for example, gear disappointment right? It doesn’t mean years of scuba diving experience, in spite of the fact that that is an advantage, it just means being furnished with adequate information and abilities combined with being comfortable in the water and also being fit as a fiddle. To make a long story short, you must be a confirmed diver.

Presently, considering you are now an affirmed diver, the following stride to getting the best scuba diving experience is to get the right outing. Getting the right trek might sound simple, and it is. It just includes one thing, realizing what you need. There are a few sorts of scuba diving adventure that one can browse, including selecting between a reef dive and a disaster area dive, and preference of living on board a boat or keeping focused resorts.

Settle on what you need to be the best scuba diver, coral developments, expansive creatures, uncommon fish, or wrecks, and after that pick the perfect destination likewise. Continuously remember that there is a major contrast in the middle of diving and finding an incredible reef in Grand Turk, and wreck diving in Truk Lagoon; know the destination by heart. A snappy tip, on the off chance that you have the energy for history and dislike freezing waters, then a disaster area dive is definitely for you; then again, on the off chance that you prefer seeing gorgeous marine life, flawless corals, and rich vegetation under the ocean, combined with warm tropical water, then you are looking for reef diving.

At long last, the simplest requirement for the best scuba diving experience is to have a fabulous time. Your scuba diving excursion may not be the grandest, or the most expensive, but rather taking delight in what you are doing and being unified with it, will absolutely give you the best diving experience with memories to last you a lifetime.


What do Green Sea Turtles Eat?

There are numerous types of turtles that exist on Earth, and even several types of sea turtles, which are known as Chelonia mydas. Its name has the same appearance as other species of green turtles. The turtles spend the majority of their lives in water, but sometimes move to land, where they lay their eggs and sometimes sunbathe.

The general diet of sea turtles depends on the particular species it’s in. Some of them are omnivores, so they eat different types of animals and plants. However, other species of sea turtles most eat jellyfish and sponges.

Green sea turtles hunt for food in nearshore areas and seagrass beds. Like other species of sea turtles this allows them to eat the types of foods they usually eat. The mouths and jaws of green sea turtles have also evolved based on the particular diet that they consume. For example, green sea turtles possess a beak with saw-like teeth that have thin serrated edges. This makes it easier for them to tear various types of seagrasses, and use the beaks as a scraper to remove algae from hard surfaces.

In terms of their actual diets, adult green sea turtles are herbivores. However, this is an interesting situation as when the turtles first hatch they are omnivores, and consume both plants and animals. However, as the animals develop into adults they only consume plants as food. Their diet mostly consists of seagrasses, algae, and seaweed. The beaks of the green sea turtles allow them to tear seaweeds and grasses, and remove algae from surfaces such as rocks.

One type of seagrass is known as Thalassia testudinum. It’s often referred to as “turtle grass” because in certain regions such as the Caribbean, it’s nearly the only food that green sea turtles in the region eat.

Sea turtles also have a salt gland that dissolves salt and excretes extra salt ions. This is a feature that other marine reptiles also have. The glad is critical because the kidneys of reptiles cannot manufacture urine that has a higher concentration of ions than the ingested sea water. The salt gland is in the orbital cavity. It can produce tears that have a higher concentration of salt than sea water. This is certainly one of the most important biological tools in terms of the turtle’s processing of food.

Interestingly, turtles such as the green sea turtles are helpful in maintaining coral reefs’ good health. That’s due to their consumption of algae. If they didn’t eat the algae, the algae would overgrow and actually kill them due to competition for food.

After the green sea turtle hatchlings develop, they being to develop their sharp beak, which is referred to as an “egg tooth.” This allows them to break through the leather-like shell they are contained in. The hatchlings then start their dangerous journey to a close ocean. Before the small turtles start eating regular meals, they often become part of the diet of predators such as seagulls even before they get to the water.

hawaiian green sea turtle info

The Hawaiian Green Sea Turtle

Sunbathing isn’t the only activity enjoyed by residents and visitors of Hawaii, it’s also a pastime of the Hawaiian green sea turtle. Protected by the State of Hawaii, these peaceful marine turtles locally known as “Honu” frequently sun bathes only on the Hawaiian Islands.
The Green sea turtle is the largest hard-shelled sea turtle. An adult green turtle weighs about 150 kilos and about 100cm in carapace length. The green sea turtle has several adaptations that make them well suited for life in the ocean. The green sea turtle has lachrymal glands in the eye that helps the turtle to regulate the amount of salt in their body.

This gland helps the sea turtle to shed tears to remove the excess salt. The turtles also have the ability to store large amounts of oxygen in their muscle tissue and blood. Their lungs are adapted for rapid exchange of oxygen to help the turtle to stay under water for up to five hours. The turtles have modified forelimbs that give them an efficient forward power stroke. The sea turtle has a dark top shell that camouflages it from any predator looking down and a cream color underneath is shell to help the turtle to blend with the water and sky to enable it to hide from any predator looking up.
The turtles reach sexual maturity at the age of around 25 to 30 years. During their breeding period, pairs remain coupled for 10 to 12 hours and both sexes have multiple partners throughout the mating period. One can distinguish the male turtles by their curved claws on their flippers and their longer tails. Hawaiian green turtle lay eggs externally and nesting starts in May and continues throughout August. The turtles lay about 75 to 150 eggs in a single clutch and may lay multiple clutches throughout the breeding period. The sex of young ones is not determined at the time of fertilization or conception, but it is determined by temperatures during their incubation period. A temperature of 28.26 degrees Celsius is the average temperature where an equal number of female and males will be produced. If the temperatures are more than this, more females are hatched. The incubation period is between 50 and 70 days depending on the ambient temperatures.
After hatching, the hatchlings are around 25grams and 50mm long. One amazing thing about these creatures is how these creatures reach the surface. Because the eggs are buried, the hatchlings work in groups for several days for them to reach the surface. They take turns in digging and resting and when they near the surface when the sun is too hot, they wait until evening to continue digging. After reaching the surface, the hatchlings find their way into the ocean and hide in algae, drift lines and other floating debris. During this stage, the young green sea turtles are carnivores and feed on plankton. They remain in the sea during their early stage and during their juvenile stages and re-appear in coastal waters where they continue to grow and become lifelong herbivores.
Hawaiian green turtle mainly thrives on seaweed, algae, and sea grasses. You can find most of the Hawaiian green turtles in the Northern Hawaii Island. This is because this is among the very few places where the sea turtles are not affected by human activities. Over 90% of Hawaii’s green sea turtles return to nest at the French Frigate Shoals.

Scuba Diver and Sea Turtle

Essential SCUBA Gear for Safe and Enjoyable Diving

Essential scuba gear is required for enjoyable and safe diving. At first, the equipment you need may seem daunting but the more experienced you get, the more the equipment you need will make sense. The following article will look at the various basic items that you need for safe and enjoyable scuba diving.

The Mask

Your eyes are not accustomed to work efficiently in water but in air. For this reason, you will need a mask to help your eyes get accustomed to underwater viewing. A mask acts as a window to underwater viewing.

Dry suit or wetsuit

The type of suit you chose depends on where you will do your diving-whether in cold water or warm water. The suit acts as a protective layer of clothing that is essential for diving. In case you are scuba diving in warm water, then a wetsuit is used. It is made up of neoprene rubber and acts as an insulator by trapping a thin layer of water on the wetsuit which the body heats up. A thicker wet suit will be needed in colder water.

Dry suits are made of tough, thick, waterproof material that has seals at the hands and the neck to keep water out. They are designed in this way to make scuba divers comfortable especially in colder waters.


Another essential scuba gear is the regulator which consists of a demand valve that supplies air through the mouthpiece to be used when you want to take a breath. It is attached using a hose to the cylinder that you will wear on your back. There is also a second demand valve that acts as an alternate source of air that you and your pal can use. It is known as an octopus.

Integrated weights or weight belt

The purpose of a weight belt which is worn around the waist of a diver is to help the diver descend smoothly while stopping any involuntary rise to the surface. They also function by counteracting the buoyancy brought about by the scuba diver’s equipment. They can be used with buoyancy compensation devices that have pockets.

Buoyancy Compensation Devices (BCDs)

A BCD is a streamlined jacket that is connected to your air cylinder through an inflator hose. Before getting into the water, the BCD can be injected with enough air that will help to keep you afloat while you are underwater. Small levels of air can be adjusted or added so that you are neither sinking or rising. This is done to achieve neutral buoyancy.


A gauge is meant to inform you of how much air you have left. They are attached using a hose to the cylinder. They can also include a temperature reading and a compass and also inform you of how deep you have gone.


Fins allow a degree of freedom and control of movement underwater that would otherwise not be possible to achieve. They are an essential scuba gear that enable scuba divers to swim freely underwater. There are very many fins that are available but they can be categorized into two types. These are strap fins and full foot tins. Full foot fins are usually used in the pool for training purposes while strap fins are worn with boots.

Dive Computer

This is one of the most essential scuba gear that lets you know how deep you have gone underwater, how long you have been there and how much safer it is for you to stay there. It is important as it ensures your safety. Some dive computers even include a graphic oxygen toxicity indicator that let you know if the zone you are at is safe for diving.


When diving, you will tend to realize that the deeper you dive, the more the water filters out the light. For you to have a better view of the marine and coral life, you will need a torch to that restores their natural color. Torches come in all sizes and shapes. They are an essential scuba gear that you should include in your list of equipment.


Scuba diving is a fun enjoyable activity whether for sport or exploration. However, it requires a certain level of preparedness and caution in order to guarantee your safety. It is for this reason that you need to invest in essential scuba gear so that you not only have fun while diving but also be safe.


Which is Better: SCUBA or Snorkeling?


First off, there  are a lot of people who want to know the answer to this question.  Many of our better friends are pure snorkelers.  They want to snorkel and only to snorkels.

We started this blog for the new diver, so we’ll start with a lot of the VERY basic information.

What is SCUBA diving?

Scuba diving is just a type of underwater diving where a diver uses a scuba or underwater breathing device to breathe. Scuba diving is a very interesting sport because it allows you to carry your very own source of gas with you. So you will have a lot of room to maneuver while underwater. People use scuba diving for both recreational and commercial purposes. Scuba diving started to be practiced in the 1920s and, since then, it has grown quickly. If you want to practice scuba diving, you need to get a certification to ensure that you know what you are dealing with.

PADI and Flags

Scuba divers have to present a flag at each one of the descent points of their dives to show everyone on the surface that they are diving in a particular area. This flag is legally required in Canada and the United States. Divers also use those flags to single out one another while at a social setting. PADI is an association of teachers of scuba diving that supports and trains in the recreational aspect of this sport. This organization monitors around 5000 scuba diving shops and resorts around the world. They certify around a million scuba divers per year, and 60% of them are new divers, which is impressive as well as interesting.

Equipment and Recreational Spots

Scuba divers use an air supply along with a regulator, physical protection and a gadget to control buoyancy. Most of them also use a system with a double regulation to get air from a tank. The gadget that controls flotation will keep a diver in the right swimming depth. Divers also wear dry or wet suits to get protection from the surroundings. Lake Travis is an astonishing place to practice scuba diving. The lake is located in Texas, USA with tons of stretches offering shallow depths. Punta Cana in the Dominican Republic is another excellent spot every scuba diver should visit some day.

What is snorkeling?

Snorkeling is a popular sport where you will be using fins, a snorkel and a mask to swim through or on the water.  Having the best snorkel gear is always important.  Sometimes, snorkelers may also need a wetsuit in a cold water. You can practice this sport at your favorite resort, and you will have tons of fun seeing gorgeous creatures and corals under water. Snorkeling dates back to ancient times. A snorkeler tends to practice this sport near a wreck, reef and similar spots to enjoy aquatic life.

Which is Better: SCUBA or Snorkeling?

Snorkeling is simpler than scuba diving, meaning that you do not need all the complicated devices that you should use when practicing the latter. If you know how to swim, all you need is a snorkel and away you go. In addition to this, scuba diving is way more dangerous than snorkeling. Remember that you will need to get a certification to practice scuba diving, but snorkeling doesn’t require these kinds of things. Snorkeling should be practiced with an instructor if you do not have tons of experience in this sport.

Since your body will be exposed to the sunlight and the water at the same time, you should consider some safety measures such as wearing a rash guard.

SCUBA diving is better than snorkeling if:

– You want to see aquatic life in the depth of the ocean.
– You are willing and can afford to get a certification.
– You have to money to spend on many devices.

Snorkeling is better than scuba diving if:

– You just want to swim a little bit and see some underwater life.
– You do not have much money to spend on equipment.
– You can swim in a safe spot away from a jet sky and other dangers.


Our First Post!

Woo Hoo!  We’re happy to be blogging…finally.  It took me a while to figure out how to start one of these things on my own host but so far…it’s a pretty simple learning curve.

Anyway, we’ve been diving for a lot of years.  I think I went on my first dive with my uncle when I was 17 and my buddy has been diving for almost as long. We ‘re in our early 40’s now but we still love it as much as when we first started.  We’ve been diving in Hawaii for about a year and so far it is by far the greatest diving anywhere.  Not because it’s the prettiest (that’s debatable) but because it’s so easy to do ANY weekend in SO MANY locations around whichever Hawaiian Island you’re on.

Neither of us use anything fancy when it comes to SCUBA gear, but we do take pride in buying quality stuff and taking care of it.  That’s part of my plan here, too.  To review SCUBA gear so that people who are new to the sport or even thinking about getting into it can make intelligent decisions on their gear.  We have our favorites as well as gear that we wish we could afford (ha ha) and we’ll talk all about it.

One of my favorite things about diving is the awesome photos that we get to take in the water.  Not many people have the chance to see and experience what us divers do and we should always appreciate that.  Another big part of this blog will be awesome photos…the “awesomer” the better.  I’ll take care to do my best to get some of those on here as soon as possible.

Lastly, a couple of months ago we were at Shark’s Cove on Oahu (one of the greatest shore dives in the world) and we witnessed a death.  Some snorkelers got in the water and saw a diver at the bottom of the cove and motionless.  We actually assisted in the recovery but the guy was unresponsive the entire time and he expired at the hospital a couple shortly after arriving.  So, please, be safe.

We’re not only divers, though.  We started out as snorkelers and we were really into kayak fishing and paddle boarding for a while.  However, once we experience SCUBA for the first time we literally sold our fishing kayak and our SUP for some decent dive gear and have never looked back.